History of Boron: Borax, the most common form of Boron found in nature, has been known for thousands of years. It was first discovered in dry lake beds in Tibet. Borax glazes were used in China as early as 300AD. Borax occurs naturally in evaporated deposits produced by the repeated evaporation of seasonal lakes. The most commercially important deposits are found in Turkey, owned and operated by Etimine, and in the United States (California), Chile and Bolivia.
Boron Applications: Borax and other borates have a wide variety of uses. They are a component of many detergents, cosmetics, specialty glasses and enamel glazes. They are also used to make buffer solutions in biochemistry, as a fire retardant, as a flux in metallurgy, neutron-capture shields for radioactive sources and as a precursor for other boron compounds. Visit the Applications section to learn more.